Flight crewmembers at controls.
(a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, each required flight crewmember on flight deck duty must remain at the assigned duty station with seat belt fastened while the airplane is taking off or landing and while it is en route.
(b) A required flight crewmember may leave the assigned duty station—
(1) If the crewmember's absence is necessary for the performance of duties in connection with the operation of the airplane;
(2) If the crewmember's absence is in connection with physiological needs; or
(3) If the crewmember is taking a rest period and relief is provided—
(i) In the case of the assigned pilot in command, by a pilot qualified to act as pilot in command.
(ii) In the case of the assigned second in command, by a pilot qualified to act as second in command of that airplane during en route operations. However, the relief pilot need not meet the recent experience requirements of § 125.285.